The powered flight sequence for the OCO mission will take approximately
13 minutes, from the time the Taurus rocket lifts off from the 576-E
launch pad at VAFB to the time that the satellite is deployed into
orbit. Orbital will launch the 986-pound OCO spacecraft into a circular
polar orbit approximately 400 miles above the Earth, inclined at 98.2
degrees to the equator. About 10 days after launch, following the
initial in-orbit spacecraft check-out procedures, OCO will employ its
onboard propulsion system to raise its orbit to 438 miles, where it will
join a constellation of other NASA Earth-observing satellites known as
the “A-Train” that fly in formation and cross the Equator every
afternoon. OCO will be the sixth satellite in the A-Train, joining five
About the Taurus Launch Vehicle
Orbital developed the ground-launched Taurus XL vehicle to provide a reliable and cost-effective means of launching satellites weighing up to approximately 3,000 pounds into low-Earth orbit. The OCO mission will be the eighth flight of the Taurus rocket, with six of the previous seven missions having been fully successful. Taurus incorporates advanced structural and avionics technology proven on the company’s Pegasus rocket and other operational launch systems. It is also designed for easy transportability and austere site operations, offering customers rapid-response launches from a wide range of locations.
Orbital’s Taurus rocket has also earned NASA’s launch vehicle
reliability certification, enabling the space agency to launch
satellites of high value and importance aboard the launch vehicle.
Taurus joins Orbital’s other rocket that supports
About the OCO Satellite
Orbital designed, built, integrated and tested the OCO satellite at its
The OCO satellite will help solve some of the lingering mysteries in our understanding of Earth’s carbon cycle and its primary atmospheric component, carbon dioxide, a chemical compound that is produced both naturally and through human activities. Each year, humans release more than 30 billion tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere through the burning of fossil fuels for powering vehicles, generating electricity and manufacturing products. About 5 additional tons of carbon dioxide are released each year by biomass burning, forest fires and land-use practices such as slash-and-burn agriculture. These activities are estimated to have increased atmospheric carbon dioxide levels by almost 20 percent in just the past 50 years. OCO will provide the first complete picture of human and natural carbon dioxide sources, as well as the places where carbon dioxide is absorbed out of the atmosphere, known as “sinks.”
Orbital develops and manufactures small- and medium-class rockets and space systems for commercial, military and civil government customers. The company’s primary products are satellites and launch vehicles, including low-Earth orbit, geosynchronous-Earth orbit and planetary spacecraft for communications, remote sensing, scientific and defense missions; human-rated space systems for Earth-orbit, lunar and other missions; ground- and air-launched rockets that deliver satellites into orbit; and missile defense systems that are used as interceptor and target vehicles. Orbital also provides satellite subsystems and space-related technical services to government agencies and laboratories.
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